Lecture – Srimad Bhagavatam 10.12.40-44 Figuring Out 10th Canto 12-06-2011 Dallas, External Pastimes
Lecture – Caitanya Caritamrta Adi 1.5 Radhasthami- Radha’s Mood Of Preaching 2000-09-05 Radhadesh (external pastimes)
Lecture on the Srimad Bhagavatam Canto 1 Chapter 3 verse 1 titled “Plastic Chapati Cook” given in Timisoara – Romania on the morning of June 16, 2011. The subject of the lecture is related to Lord Krishna’s incarnations, specifically the Purusa Avataras – (external pastimes)
Srimad Bhagavatam 1.3.1
Suta said: In the beginning of the creation, the Lord first expanded Himself in the universal form of the purusha incarnation and manifested all the ingredients for the material creation. And thus at first there was the creation of the sixteen principles of material action. This was for the purpose of creating the material universe.
The Bhagavad-gita states that the Personality of Godhead Sri Krishna maintains these material universes by extending His plenary expansions. So thispurusha form is the confirmation of the same principle. The original Personality of Godhead Vasudeva, or Lord Krishna, who is famous as the son of KingVasudeva or King Nanda, is full with all opulences, all potencies, all fame, all beauty, all knowledge and all renunciation. Part of His opulences are manifested as impersonal Brahman, and part of His opulences are manifested as Paramatma. This purusha feature of the same Personality of Godhead Sri Krishna is the original Paramatma manifestation of the Lord. There are three purusha features in the material creation, and this form, who is known as the KaranodakasayiVishnu, is the first of the three. The others are known as the Garbhodakasayi Vishnu and the Kshirodakasayi Vishnu, which we shall know one after another. The innumerable universes are generated from the skin holes of this Karanodakasayi Vishnu, and in each one of the universes the Lord enters as GarbhodakasayiVishnu.
In the Bhagavad-gita it is also mentioned that the material world is created at certain intervals and then again destroyed. This creation and destruction is done by the supreme will because of the conditioned souls, or the nitya–baddha living beings. The nitya–baddha, or the eternally conditioned souls, have the sense of individuality or ahankara, which dictates them sense enjoyment, which they are unable to have constitutionally. The Lord is the only enjoyer, and all others are enjoyed. The living beings are predominated enjoyers. But the eternally conditioned souls, forgetful of this constitutional position, have strong aspirations to enjoy. The chance to enjoy matter is given to the conditioned souls in the material world, and side by side they are given the chance to understand their real constitutional position. Those fortunate living entities who catch the truth and surrender unto the lotus feet of Vasudeva after many, many births in the material world join the eternally liberated souls and thus are allowed to enter into the kingdom of Godhead. After this, such fortunate living entities need not come again within the occasional material creation. But those who cannot catch the constitutional truth are again merged into the mahat–tattva at the time of the annihilation of the material creation. When the creation is again set up, this mahat–tattva is again let loose. This mahat–tattva contains all the ingredients of the material manifestations, including the conditioned souls. Primarily this mahat–tattva is divided into sixteen parts, namely the five gross material elements and the eleven working instruments or senses. It is like the cloud in the clear sky. In the spiritual sky, the effulgence of Brahman is spread all around, and the whole system is dazzling in spiritual light. The mahat–tattva is assembled in some corner of the vast, unlimited spiritual sky, and the part which is thus covered by the mahat–tattva is called the material sky. This part of the spiritual sky, called the mahat–tattva, is only an insignificant portion of the whole spiritual sky, and within this mahat–tattva there are innumerable universes. All these universes are collectively produced by the Karanodakasayi Vishnu, called also the Maha–Vishnu, who simply throws His glance to impregnate the material sky.
Lecture – Caitanya Caritamrta Adi 10.137 Gradual Achievement Of The Spiritual Platform 1995-11-05 Radhadesh (external pastimes) (women’s issues)
Lecture on Chaitanya Charitamrita, Adi Lila, Chapter 4, Texts 21-22 titled “Do Something Practical” (External Pastimes)
“If one cherishes pure loving devotion to Me, thinking of Me as his son, his friend or his beloved, regarding himself as great and considering Me his equal or inferior, I become subordinate to him.
In the Caitanya–caritamrita three kinds of devotional service are described — namely, bhakti (ordinary devotional service), suddha–bhakti (pure devotional service) and viddha–bhakti (mixed devotional service).
When devotional service is executed with some material purpose, involving fruitive activities, mental speculations or mystic yoga, it is called mixed or adulterated devotional service. Besides bhakti–yoga, the Bhagavad-gita also describes karma–yoga, jnana–yoga and dhyana–yoga. Yoga means linking with the Supreme Lord, which is possible only through devotion. Fruitive activities ending in devotional service, philosophical speculation ending in devotional service, and the practice of mysticism ending in devotional service are known respectively as karma–yoga, jnana–yoga and dhyana–yoga. But such devotional service is adulterated by the three kinds of material activities.
For those grossly engaged in identifying the body as the self, pious activity, or karma–yoga, is recommended. For those who identify the mind with the self, philosophical speculation, or jnana–yoga, is recommended. But devotees standing on the spiritual platform have no need of such material conceptions of adulterated devotion. Adulterated devotional service does not directly aim for love of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Therefore service performed strictly in conformity with the revealed scriptures is better than such viddha–bhakti because it is free from all kinds of material contamination. It is executed in Krishnaconsciousness, solely to please the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
Those who are spontaneously devoted to the Lord and have no aims for material gain are called attracted devotees. They are spontaneously attracted to the service of the Lord, and they follow in the footsteps of self-realized souls. Their pure devotion (suddha–bhakti), manifested from pure love of Godhead, surpasses the regulative principles of the authoritative scriptures. Sometimes loving ecstasy transcends regulative principles; such ecstasy, however, is completely on the spiritual platform and cannot be imitated. The regulative principles help ordinary devotees rise to the stage of perfect love of Godhead. Pure love for Krishna is the perfection of pure devotion, and pure devotional service is identical with spontaneous devotional service.
Flawless execution of regulative principles is exhibited in the Vaikuntha planets. By strictly executing these principles one can be elevated to the Vaikunthaplanets. But spontaneous pure loving service is found in Krishnaloka alone.