Lecture – SB 9.12.7-13.3 – Pitiful Pastimes – Video

Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Srimad Bhagavatam

Canto 9: Liberation Chapter 12: The Dynasty of Kusa, the Son of Lord Ramacandra

SB 9.12.7: From Maru was born a son named Prasusruta, from Prasusruta came Sandhi, from Sandhi came Amarshana, and from Amarshana a son named Mahasvan. From Mahasvan, Visvabahu took his birth.

SB 9.12.8: From Visvabahu came a son named Prasenajit, from Prasenajit came Takshaka, and from Takshaka came Brihadbala, who was killed in a fight by your father.

SB 9.12.9: All these kings in the dynasty of Ikshvaku have passed away. Now please listen as I describe the kings who will be born in the future. From Brihadbala will come Brihadrana.

SB 9.12.10: The son of Brihadrana will be Urukriya, who will have a son named Vatsavriddha. Vatsavriddha will have a son named Prativyoma, and Prativyoma will have a son named Bhanu, from whom Divaka, a great commander of soldiers, will take birth.

SB 9.12.11: Thereafter, from Divaka will come a son named Sahadeva, and from Sahadeva a great hero named Brihadasva. From Brihadasva will come Bhanuman, and from Bhanuman will come Pratikasva. The son of Pratikasva will be Supratika.

SB 9.12.12: Thereafter, from Supratika will come Marudeva; from Marudeva, Sunakshatra; from Sunakshatra, Pushkara; and from Pushkara, Antariksha. The son of Antariksha will be Sutapa, and his son will be Amitrajit.

SB 9.12.13: From Amitrajit will come a son named Brihadraja, from Brihadraja will come Barhi, and from Barhi will come Kritanjaya. The son of Kritanjaya will be known as Rananjaya, and from him will come a son named Sanjaya.

SB 9.12.14: From Sanjaya will come Sakya, from Sakya will come Suddhoda, and from Suddhoda will come Langala. From Langala will come Prasenajit, and from Prasenajit, Kshudraka.

SB 9.12.15: From Kshudraka will come Ranaka, from Ranaka will come Suratha, and from Suratha will come Sumitra, ending the dynasty. This is a description of the dynasty of Brihadbala.

SB 9.12.16: The last king in the dynasty of Ikshvaku will be Sumitra; after Sumitra there will be no more sons in the dynasty of the sun-god, and thus the dynasty will end.

Canto 9: Liberation Chapter 13: The Dynasty of Maharaja Nimi

SB 9.13 Summary

This chapter describes the dynasty in which the great and learned scholar Janaka was born. This is the dynasty of Maharaja Nimi, who is said to have been the son of Ikshvaku.

When Maharaja Nimi began performing great sacrifices, he appointed Vasishtha to be chief priest, but Vasishtha refused, for he had already agreed to be priest in performing a yajna for Lord Indra. Vasishtha therefore requested Maharaja Nimi to wait until Lord Indra‘s sacrifice was finished, but Maharaja Nimi did not wait. He thought, “Life is very short, so there is no need to wait.” He therefore appointed another priest to perform the yajna. Vasishtha was very angry at King Nimi and cursed him, saying, “May your body fall down.” Cursed in that way, Maharaja Nimi also became very angry, and he retaliated by saying, “May your body also fall down.” As a result of this cursing and countercursing, both of them died. After this incident, Vasishtha took birth again, begotten by Mitra and Varuna, who were agitated by Urvasi.

The priests who were engaged in the sacrifice for King Nimi preserved Nimi‘s body in fragrant chemicals. When the sacrifice was over, the priests prayed for Nimi‘s life to all the demigods who had come to the arena of yajna, but Maharaja Nimi refused to take birth again in a material body because he considered the material body obnoxious. The great sages then churned Nimi‘s body, and as a result of this churning, Janaka was born.

The son of Janaka was Udavasu, and the son of Udavasu was Nandivardhana. The son of Nandivardhana was Suketu, and his descendants continued as follows: Devarata, Brihadratha, Mahavirya, Sudhriti, Dhrishtaketu, Haryasva, Maru, Pratipaka, Kritaratha, Devamidha, Visruta, Mahadhriti, Kritirata, Maharoma, Svarnaroma, Hrasvaroma and Siradhvaja. All these sons appeared in the dynasty one after another. From Siradhvaja, mother Sitadevi was born. Siradhvaja’s son was Kusadhvaja, and the son of Kusadhvaja was Dharmadhvaja. The sons of Dharmadhvaja were Kritadhvaja and Mitadhvaja. The son of Kritadhvaja was Kesidhvaja, and the son of Mitadhvaja was Khandikya. Kesidhvaja was a self-realized soul, and his son was Bhanuman, whose descendants were as follows: Satadyumna, Suci, Sanadvaja, Urjaketu, Aja, Purujit, Arishtanemi, Srutayu, Suparsvaka, Citraratha, Kshemadhi, Samaratha, Satyaratha, Upaguru, Upagupta, Vasvananta, Yuyudha, Subhashana, Sruta, Jaya, Vijaya, Rita, Sunaka, Vitahavya, Dhriti, Bahulasva, Kriti and Mahavasi. All of these sons were great self-controlled personalities. This completes the list of the entire dynasty.

SB 9.13.1: Srila Sukadeva Gosvami said: After beginning sacrifices, Maharaja Nimi, the son of Ikshvaku, requested the great sage Vasishtha to take the post of chief priest. At that time, Vasishtha replied, “My dear Maharaja Nimi, I have already accepted the same post in a sacrifice begun by Lord Indra.

SB 9.13.2: “I shall return here after finishing the yajna for Indra. Kindly wait for me until then.” Maharaja Nimi remained silent, and Vasishtha began to perform the sacrifice for Lord Indra.

SB 9.13.3: Maharaja Nimi, being a self-realized soul, considered that this life is flickering. Therefore, instead of waiting long for Vasishtha, he began performing the sacrifice with other priests.


Canakya Pandita says, sariram kshana-vidhvamsi kalpanta-sthayino gunah: “The duration of one’s life in the material world may end at any moment, but if within this life one does something worthy, that qualification is depicted in history eternally.” Here is a great personality, Maharaja Nimi, who knew this fact. In the human form of life one should perform activities in such a way that at the end he goes back home, back to Godhead. This is self-realization.

SB 09.12.07-13.3_Pitiful Pastimes_2010-07-10

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